Acne Causes

There are some misconceptions about the causes of acne. Many believe that it can be caused by eating the wrong types of foods, although there is no scientific evidence to suggest this, whilst others believe that it can be caused by wearing make-up or by having poor personal hygiene. In fact, too much cleaning can actually strip the skin of its protective oils, making the condition worse.

Acne occurs when the pores in the skin are blocked with either oil, bacteria or dead skin. This can be caused when the follicle (pores are the opening to follicles) produces too much oil or sebum, when dead skin cells block the pore or when bacteria accumulate in the pore. The bacteria associated with causing acne is called propionibacterium acnes or p.acnes. A combination of all three – sebum, dead skin cells and bacteria – will contribute to acne.

Hormonal changes are the most common trigger for acne, either in puberty or through pregnancy. A diet that is high in fat or sugars can also contribute, and this is possibly due to a combination of increased blood sugar and insulin release. Certain medications, such as the contraceptive pill and corticosteroids, can also trigger acne.

Acne Treatment

We offer a range of acne treatments, including a course of acne products, skin peels, IPL and LED phototherapy. Our acne products are designed to reduce and minimise acne and with continued use, to clear skin completely. Some patients are more suited to stronger courses of treatment, and these are outlined in more detail below.


The HydraFacial treatment for congested skin uses advanced, patented technology to deeply cleanse and exfoliate the skin, removing all dead skin cells. Next, a serum specific to acne and congestion delivers nutrients packed with anti-inflammatories, including salicylic acid and honey extract.

Salicylic acid penetrates the pores to soften sebum, allowing impurities to be easily drawn out. Honey extract contains anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. All these ingredients penetrate deeply into the skin during the six steps, leaving you with clear, healthy skin that is enhanced with every treatment.

A course of 6 weekly sessions is recommended, after which the results can be improved and maintained with regular monthly visits. With immediately visible results and little to no downtime, it’s easy to see why HydraFacial is the first choice for many people with acne or congested skin.

Skin Peels

Skin peels or chemical peels can reduce the symptoms of acne by working deep within the skin, stimulating new cell growth and the production of collagen and elastin, encouraging cell renewal. Dead skin cells are removed and replaced with clean, fresh, new skin, improving the tone and texture of skin over time. Skin peels can easily be combined with our other treatments for improved results, if suitable.

LED Phototherapy

We also offer LED Phototherapy, using our state-of-the-art Dermalux LED Phototherapy System. It’s a non-invasive, pain-free treatment that harnesses the power of different wavelengths of light (from Light Emitting Diodes) to treat specific skin complaints.

Skin can absorb specific wavelengths of light, and it can utilise this light to stimulate a healing response deep within skin cells. When different types of light are used, cells are energised, increasing cellular metabolism which can, in turn, build collagen, kill bacteria, boost circulation and boost tissue repair.

Blue light is typically used for the treatment of acne, as it has powerful anti-bacterial properties that can help to purify and decongest acne-prone, problematic skin, reducing the overproduction of oil. Blue LED light has been clinically proven to kill off the p.acnes bacteria. If suitable, we can also use red light (which promotes a healing response), near-infrared light (to reduce scarring) or combined red and blue light to induce a range of benefits.

LED Phototherapy is extremely safe and patients may even notice a difference in their skin following the first treatment. For the best results, a course of treatments over 4-6 weeks may be required.


Alma’s ClearSkin is the first technology to combine a non-ablative laser with simultaneous contact cooling and vacuum technology to treat acne and acne vulgaris safely and effectively.

While there are many treatment options available for acne, both prescription and over-the-counter, these do not work for everyone. When acne is particularly stubborn or severe, a more advanced solution may be needed.

The cooled Er:Glass laser with Vacuum treatment addresses all forms of acne vulgaris including papules, pustules and nodules, while also achieving a gentle rejuvenation effect, diminishing the appearance of acne scars by stimulating collagen renewal.

ZO Skin Health – Medical Skin Care

Acne is a common skin concern for people of all ages.

We offer a complete range of effective products, which have been expertly formulated in order to treat clogged pores, blackheads, papules, pustules, and cysts. These high performance products can also be used as a preventative treatment for acne and breakouts.

Targeting the causes and symptoms of acne, ZO Skin Health Acne products work to exfoliate dead skin cells, helping to repair surface damage, tighten pores, and improve the overall tone and texture of the skin.

Active ingredients include: kaoblin and bentonite, which work to purify the pores and absorb excess sebum; sulphur to treat and prevent acne; phyto-technology extracted from Sichuan Pepper to help calm and soothe skin; and clinically-proven Ceramide 2, manuka honey, and jojoba easters to help keep skin nourished and moisturised.

What Should I Do if I am Troubled by Acne?

Book your acne consultation at Hilton Skin & Body Clinics today. We’ll assess your skin and decide on the best course of treatment for you, utilising one or a combination of the treatments we offer to give you the clean, clear skin of your dreams.